Sustainable Tourism Management (STM)

Tourism, if managed sustainably, can become a self-financing mechanism for nature conservation in naturally diverse and culturally rich areas like Nepal. The issues of concern associated with sustainable tourism management


  • Tourists competing for resources with local people and aggravating pressure on the natural and socio-cultural environments;
  • Unequal distribution of direct tourism benefits and any moderate tourism income retained at the local level; and
  • Limited local skills and knowledge on tourism management.
  • To address these issues, STM Programme of NTNC aims to:
  • Strengthen the local communities to be able to improve their livelihood by developing a strong linkage between tourism and the local economy;
  • Provide facilities for tourists to make their visit a quality experience;
  • Maintain and improve the quality of the socio-cultural and natural environments, which is basis of tourism (and the local people’s livelihood); and
  • Empower the local communities for sustainable management of tourism.

Project-wise focus programs:
The tourism management program aims to carefully balance between ecology, local livelihood needs and visitors’ satisfaction. The program gives high priority to reduce the negative impacts of tourism and enhance the positive impact. For this, visitors’ information centers and tourism check posts and eco-museums are managed with different exhibits and information related to ACA, creating awareness on the minimum impact code for visitors, preparation of audio-visuals, sign posting and tourism related awareness camp conduction are some of the activities of this program. At local level, capacity enhancement of local people in managing tourism and tourism enterprise development activities are conducted.

Under eco-tourism program, trekking trails are developed and maintained regularly; sign posts are erected on various routes to make the visitors aware that they are in an ecologically fragile area. The local people are made aware of tourism potentials through awareness camps and exposure tours. Tourism catering skill trainings are given to locals so that they can earn income from tourism activities. To manage waste, dumping pits and rubbish bins are placed at regular intervals.

BCC is actively involved in promoting tourism by contributing to diversifying tourism products (exploration of new tourism destinations), generating awareness among local people for sustainable tourism management, and providing specific skills training related to tourism (like nature guide training).

To promote community based tourism, BCP has constructed Tharu Cultural Museum building at BNP headquarters, Thakurdwara and wildlife viewing tower. BCP also conducts regular nature guide and lodge management trainings among local youths and local lodge owners, respectively.

In order to enhance local capacity in the tourism sector, SCP provides nature guide and lodge management training to local youths and local lodge owners, respectively.