Alternative Energy Development (AEP)
As significant proportion of deforestation in Nepal is linked with the dependency on forest resources for energy supply, NTNC believes that alternative energy promotion is an effective way to reduce deforestation. In addition to the lack of alternative means of energy, lack of local knowledge on energy saving devices and scarcity of fuelwood in trans-Himalayan region are the major issues of concern.
In this context, this thematic program aims to reduce stress on critical resources primarily forests through wider use of electricity and other alternative energy programs through;
- Promotion of technology that substitutes the use of fuel-wood; and
- Promotion of technology that minimizes fuel-wood consumption by using fuelwood more efficiently.
In ACAP and MCAP, generation of micro-hydropower is focus program of AEP. In trans-Himalayan region, especially Mustang, major focus is on solar energy also. In low-land areas, bio-gas is the major focus. Fuelwood saving devices are being promoted by all of NTNC’s field projects.
Project-wise focus programs:
Alternative energy program (AE) focuses on reducing pressure on forest resources and provide access to energy alternatives to fuel wood. The field level activities includes promotion of fuel efficient cooking and heating devices and alternate energy, such as back boilers, solar heaters, smoke water heaters, biogas, kerosene stoves and improved stoves. Activities such as management of local level kerosene depots and LPG depots are managed at the community level. Introduction of biogas plants, bio-briquette and energy saving appliances are other interventions of this program.
Through the alternative energy program, kerosene depots and four micro hydro power stations are in operation, which aim at reducing pressure on the forests of the region. Solar lightening facilities are provided to community where micro-hydro power is not feasible. The local operators are regularly provided training on micro-hydro operation and repair.
To reduce the pressure on the forests due to extraction of fuel wood, alternative energy devices such as biogas, improved cooking stoves and husk stoves are constructed and distributed to the communities living on the fringe of Chitwan National Park.
For reduction of pressure in the forest land, financial and technical support are being provided to install biogas plants in the southwestern Buffer Zone of BNP through its alternative energy program.
Aiming to reduce pressure in the reserve as well as in buffer zone forests, alternative energy devices, such as biogas plants have been promoted through its alternative energy program.